Indian miniature painting of a woman, wearing orange dress and sitting near window. In this painting a woman is sitting calm and thinking about her beloved. She has long black hairs, fair colour, gorgeous nose and a pair of thin beautiful orangish lips. Forehead and ears are decorated with a light diamond ornaments. This is a style of Indian miniature art in which a portrait of Indian woman called sadhavi (nun) take sanyas from the social society and make prayers and sing spiritual songs. She loves god and thinking about him. The reference is taken from Indian miniature painting (Pahari miniature art, Kangra school of Art). This is digital virsion of it and available in vector format, Print in any size.
Nahid Sikander Posts
Creative house plan, using hexagons shape to design the whole plan. This is a new concept of home which is looking different and creating itself a great design. Unique house plan for modern world can be useful for future house design. The architecture of the house is amazing. The hexagons have been used to design living room, bedroom, kitchen, dining, and washroom etc, which are giving a unique look to the house. Swimming pool is ls in the shapes of hexagons, and green lawn is giving the cool and calm environment.
Ottoman Empire, we know it as the most powerful regime of 15-16th century, which is built by Anatolia (a Turkish tribes), outspread over Asia, Middle-east and South East Europe.
The painting is shown that people are sitting together and having discussion during the feast with the King Surname-i Sultan Ahmed Han. They are wearing different colours dressed with big white turban, one of the symbol of Turkey. This is a part of one miniature painting in which several people with turban having food with the King.
This is vector format image and can be easily print in any size with high resolution.
This new concept of wall painting, in which a musical group is playing music, is looking beautiful. The composition of trumpeters is making this colourful painting a unique work of art. This is with reference of Indian art and original painting is done by Nainsukh the famous contemporary artist known for its pahari miniature art. I tried to create new colour schemes to this beautiful miniature painting. It can be well apply on to the wall or any other interior and exterior wall decoration.
Best use is Wall decoration, which can be done by wall painters.
Linoleum printing process
Hi Friends, I remember when I was in Fine Art College at Jamia Millia Islamia University, Okhla, New Delhi, India; I have done linoleum printing on paper, and I hope you also remember this workshop. It was a class assignment for us to make a design and transfer it to lino, engrave it and apply colour and print it. If you are an art student you can memorize that how you did this Lino printing. After a long time I am again doing this linoleum printing in Icat college where I am working as a faculty.
Here I will not discuss about the quality and used of linoleum, but yes I will talk about how we can use this Linoleum in present digital world, when everything is becoming digital from art work to print. The use of lino is not known for present generation, but with the use of digital technology they can also utilize this printing process in their life.
We everyone are fashion conscious and wants to be look different with unique dresses, shoes and other ornaments. We all love to wear T-shirts, but it is difficult to fine the t-shirts with unique designs, somewhere someone can be there who is wearing the same clothes as well. So here you can make difference by using the lino to print your own design on your stuff.
Prepare a design apply on the lino and print your unique artwork yourself on any of your stuff. Whether it is a cloth, sports goods, bag, wall painting, notebook and a gift pack etc, I will tell you the easy process of printing your artwork on any stuff or surface.
Linoleum printing with one colour:
First you prepare your design by hand or in computer digitally.
Make black and white division in your design.
Make a print on paper or if you can draw directly on the lino that you can also do.
Transfer your design on lino and add black colour as exactly you want the print.
You will get the negative and positive are in your design.
Now get the engraving tools and a cutter. Mark border with cutter and make the half deep cut in all borders of design.
Star engraving the positive area in you lino which is left blank and leave the black portion without engrave.
Finally you will get the engraved lino. Here you have to apply acrylic colour or any permanent paint colours on the lino by hard roller.
After applying colour to it just keep it on the surface and press from the backside of the lino by other roller.
You print is ready to show.
Indian architecture design has been developed by various artists in India. It is a mixture of Indian and Mughal architecture. This is a window design refers to various monuments like fort and palaces built by Indian Kings at different places in India. These patterns design took from the window of Amer fort situated in Jaipur Rajasthan, and similarly it can be seen in Humayun’s tomb Delhi and Agra fort. Different stones have been used to carve this beautiful architectural patterns design, according to the material used to built the building. These are very interesting design made by using basic shapes and lines to form an amazing pattern. This is also called jaali design (jali) which can be use in interior design to decorate the house and offices. I have created this design by adding different colour schemes to create some diverse effects for a variety of uses. This is available in digital vector art format in any size and resolution.
Indian architecture designs have been used in decorating modern architecture. It can also be used in textile design. So this beautiful design can be a part of anything from stationary to architecture, and it can also be a part of your home and garden decoration.
by Indian Artist: Nahid Sikander
Icat Design and Media College
It was nice personal experience attending workshop with Mr. Sudeep Gandhi who was invited for the Typography workshop at seminar hall at Icat Media and Design College, Chennai, India.
We had arranged typography workshop at our college for students to understand the importance of typography in design. So we had to invite the expert who has been working for the typography and should have enough experience in it. So we invited Mr. Sudeep Gandhi for that. Sudeep Gandhi is a Graduate in Fine Arts and working as a freelancer.
The workshop has been started on 22nd Nov. 2017 till 24th Nov 2017. It was nice working with students and the guest lecturer during the workshop. Students tried well to demonstrate yourself with the help of typography. Some students have designed their name and some tried to design for their running projects.students working and making design with typography
Overall it was again a recall of typography study and remember its involvement in design. So it is important to consider the different font style according to subject you are working on, select appropriate font style for your design.
By: Nahid Sikander
Icat College, Chennai
I will discuss here about Pahari Paintings, the miniature art of India which is also known as Pahari miniature paintings (Basholi art). This Pahari miniature painting style has been established in Kangra school of art, situated in Pahari (hills) of Himachal Pradesh.
Indian art have different styles and techniques in different places of India, most of the Indian art majorly known as miniature paintings of India, sculpture, art and crafts, music and dance ect. These different styles of art can be seen at different places of India from North to South and east to west India.
Every style of Indian art has their own characters and techniques, here are some examples, like Miniature paintings of Rajasthan, Miniature paintings of Pahari art – Kangra and Himachal Pradesh, Kalighat school of art Bengal, Madhubani painting from bihar, Warli Paintings from Maharashtra, Tribal art of India in various regions, Kalamkari art from Tamilnadu as South Indian Art, Tanjour Painting or Tanjavur art, sculpture art of various regions of India and each place has a different technique of making sculpture.
The overall compositions of Pahari paintings are similar from the last few decade’s the art has been practising. The layout of painting balances the colours and the figures with background. The artists did not experiment much on the composition however they have made amazing art at its time to make an effective contribution to the Indian art. If we talk about so it can be seen that almost same kind of background have been developed for various paintings, and same kind of treatment has been given to them. Use of nature in paintings has been done beautifully.
The features of faces can be seen in common style, so no much difference can be seen in faces. A detail work has been done in making trees and other nature objects in the foreground and background. Pahari painting comes from Mughal art and Rajasthani miniature art. The painting style is similar to the mughal miniature art of India.
Colours used in Pahari Paintings are not transparent but poster colours (opaque colours ) instead of water colour. One can easily make the difference between the water colours and poster colours, the water colours are transparent although the poster colours are solid. The artist used colours in a very interesting way to make every details in the paintings. Detail work can be seen in the paintings with different shades of colours, and decorated with ornaments looks beautiful. Artists or painter added the beauty of the surroundings of the hills in most of the paintings, because of miniature size it was difficult to add many details, but the artist did this laborious job very carefully. The paintings can easily recognize by their hilly looks and details, like the green mountains covered with blue sky, drawing of trees available in the hills, and decorative motifs and textures added.
Elements of Paintings:
In this Indian art style the use of nature in the painting can be seen dominantly, the artist of Kangra, bsholi, chamba and other hill areas were using natural environment as a foreground and background to decorate the pahari paintings. There are several variety of trees were available in the hill areas. Generally mango trees were shown in the paintings, however some other trees were also used for flowery decoration and composition. A detail work can be seen in the landscape design, where trees picture, river, sky with clouds, green hills mountains etc. The shades of green used in painting mountains area in the background of pahari paintings. Ups and downs of hills, water flowing down, birds and clouds in the sky have been used to balanced the painting composition. Lotus is the national flower of India and prominently used in Indian art, however other flowers, animals and birds were also used, but peacock cn be seen most of the paintings
Indian art also known as detaild miniature work which can be seen in the pahari painings style in which have too much detailed work have been done by different size of brushes and pen by various artists of that time, specially by “Nainsukh”. This can be seen in all the paintings like trees, decorated buildings, dresses, ornaments details, figures detail work specially in fight scene, group scene etc.
Theme of Pahari miniature paintings
In Indian art generally Krishna lila scenes were basic subject for pahari paintings, however some other themes were also painted by artists, but majorly the gopy with Krishna, women with Krishna, god and goddesses, fight scene, dance by gopies and women, love scene were dominantly painted by Indian artists. Ras leela can be seen in most of the paintings, Krishna playing with women called gopy (gpies) and Radha. Bathing scenes of women (gopies) in the lake of village are famous in which Krishna steal the clothes and climbed up the tree and gopies without clothes comes out from the water pond and asked Krishna to give their clothes back.
Argument scene between Krishna and radha and gopies, meeting scene in the jungle, playing scene, having food in the forest, killing of devils, cow feeding in the jungle and playing with the cows were general theme of the paintings of this India art style.
Apart from it there are several paintings available on the other different themes, like mughal kings darbar, fight scene, army shown on the horses and elephants, shikar (hunting), love and other scenes.
Mythological themes also have the significant place in the Pahari school of art. Themes from Ramayana and Mahabharata were also popular in the pahari school of art due to the acceptance by the society on the belief of god. The god and goddesses, demons are also painted according to the theme taken by the artists. Each and every painting tells a different story with the same method of painting.
Colors used in Pahari paintings
Pahari paintings are famous as Indian art and colours used in Indian art or pahari school of art are very vibrant for subject and in contrast the colours used in background are very cool and calm with soothing effect. In Indian art the figures used to paint with bright hot colours so that they can be seen as prominent in the whole frame. The Indian art known for colours and contrast so the hot colour family was used to paint dresses and other important objects of paintings and in contrast the cool colours family used to paint landscape and other supporting objects in the background. We can see orange, yellow and red dominantly used in the making of figures inIndian paintings. Opposite to it the cool colour family used in the background to create a strong contrast in the Indian art or Pahari school of art. Green and blue colours shades were used to paint landscape, like Mountains Rivers and trees in the background and foreground. Some time hot yellow, orange and red were used in flat background I painting which can be seen in some of the pahari paintings itself. Generally pink and peach colours used to paint the body of men and women, but when god and goddesses shown in the painting the different colour used to paint them according to the mythology descriptions about them. Generally Krishna painted in blue colour with yellow dress according to the mythology belief, but some paintings have used same blue color fro demons also. Heavy contrast can be seen in the pahari School of Art style.
The Pahari miniature painting style is an assets to upcoming generation, we should understand about history of Pahari paintings to preserve this magnificent art style for people around the world. It shows us the culture and living practices of people have used during that period. So to move ahead we should also consider about the history of living practice done by the people.It also connect people around us and share amazing experiences for better understanding about life.
Indian art known for its colours and disparity thus the Indian culture known for its traditional art, we cannot separate both from each other. It is evident that Indian art consists of various art forms at present days, however in ancient period the Indian art had been famous for different kind of sculptures, for that various kind of stones, metal and mixture of metals were used to make a variety of sculptures in a range of Indian art styles. Later the Indian artists developed different painting styles in different regions, influenced by the cultural and religious practice of people of India. Most of the art developed by the Indian artists were based on religious subjects, and was very successful in that period even though maximum number of art pieces sold in India is based on religious topics till date. And yes music and dance are also part of Indian art so we cannot ignore them.
The art had been flourishing in India since it is started and artists were busy and had enough business in making sculptures for temple and other royal buildings. Different regions have different style of making art pieces whether it is a sculpture or a painting. Several Indian artists developed different styles of paintings in different periods known as Indian art. The paintings styles including Indian miniature paintings can be find in various regions, Mughal miniatures mostly North India like Rajasthan, Kangra/Guler school of art, Pahari paintings belong to hills areas of India like Basholi, Chamba in Himachal Pradesh and kashmir, Madhubani art Bihar, Kalighat school of art West Bengal, kalamkari and tanjavur painting style Tamilnadu, warli paintings – Maharashtra, pattachitra belong to Odisha etc.
India is also famous for its art and crafts made by hand called Indian handicrafts. The styles including Bidri art style, metal craft of India differs from their North Indian and south Indian style, sculptures from north and south India are different in style and methods of making are also different. Terracotta art can be find in every village of India, stoneware, ceramic, Blue pottery, black pottery etc. Handicrafts also included textile art, eco friendly-crafts, jewellery, wood crafts etc.
India also known for its various folk art, tribal art and classical music and dance forms belong to various regions of India, Howevre there are several folk and classical dance forms in India, but some of the famous dance forms are listed here like Bharatanatyam dance form belong to Tamilnadu, Kathakali dance – Kerala, Odissi dance (nratya) Orissa, Manipuri dance, Bihu dance belong to Assam state, Bhangra – Punjab, kuchipudi – Andhra Pradesh, Kathak – North India, Kalbelia Rajasthan etc.
Famous Indian Art styles of India:
Contemporary Indian Art:
Mughal miniatures Delhi and Rajasthan
Mewar School of Art
Pahari painting, Kangra school of art, Basholi, Chamba in Himachal Pradesh and kashmir
Madhubani art, Bihar
Kalighat school of art, West Bengal
Kalamkari and Tanjavur painting style, Tamilnadu
Warli paintings, Maharashtra
By: Nahid Sikander (Indian Contemporary Artist)
Sr. Lecturer at Icat Media and Design College, Chennai, India
Next Article will be on Contemporary Art of India.
Jaipur the city known for its royal culture, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II built the Jantar Mantar of Jaipur and also constructed in New Delhi and Uttar Pradesh. It took approximate 15 years to built these monuments and completed between 1720 – 1735.Jantar mantar of jaipur is the largest structure compared to other Jantar mantars in India. It is a group of 19 architectural astronomical device to measuring time and space. It is one of the UNESCO World heritage sites of India. The complete functioning Jantar Mantar to study Astronomy and space, situated near city Palace and Hawa mahal, in Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Black and white view of Jantar mantar, Digital Painting