Indian art known for its colours and disparity thus the Indian culture known for its traditional art, we cannot separate both from each other. It is evident that Indian art consists of various art forms at present days, however in ancient period the Indian art had been famous for different kind of sculptures, for that various kind of stones, metal and mixture of metals were used to make a variety of sculptures in a range of Indian art styles. Later the Indian artists developed different painting styles in different regions, influenced by the cultural and religious practice of people of India. Most of the art developed by the Indian artists were based on religious subjects, and was very successful in that period even though maximum number of art pieces sold in India is based on religious topics till date. And yes music and dance are also part of Indian art so we cannot ignore them.
The art had been flourishing in India since it is started and artists were busy and had enough business in making sculptures for temple and other royal buildings. Different regions have different style of making art pieces whether it is a sculpture or a painting. Several Indian artists developed different styles of paintings in different periods known as Indian art. The paintings styles including Indian miniature paintings can be find in various regions, Mughal miniatures mostly North India like Rajasthan, Kangra/Guler school of art, Pahari paintings belong to hills areas of India like Basholi, Chamba in Himachal Pradesh and kashmir, Madhubani art Bihar, Kalighat school of art West Bengal, kalamkari and tanjavur painting style Tamilnadu, warli paintings – Maharashtra, pattachitra belong to Odisha etc.
India is also famous for its art and crafts made by hand called Indian handicrafts. The styles including Bidri art style, metal craft of India differs from their North Indian and south Indian style, sculptures from north and south India are different in style and methods of making are also different. Terracotta art can be find in every village of India, stoneware, ceramic, Blue pottery, black pottery etc. Handicrafts also included textile art, eco friendly-crafts, jewellery, wood crafts etc.
India also known for its various folk art, tribal art and classical music and dance forms belong to various regions of India, Howevre there are several folk and classical dance forms in India, but some of the famous dance forms are listed here like Bharatanatyam dance form belong to Tamilnadu, Kathakali dance – Kerala, Odissi dance (nratya) Orissa, Manipuri dance, Bihu dance belong to Assam state, Bhangra – Punjab, kuchipudi – Andhra Pradesh, Kathak – North India, Kalbelia Rajasthan etc.
Famous Indian Art styles of India:
Contemporary Indian Art:
Mughal miniatures Delhi and Rajasthan
Mewar School of Art
Pahari painting, Kangra school of art, Basholi, Chamba in Himachal Pradesh and kashmir
Madhubani art, Bihar
Kalighat school of art, West Bengal
Kalamkari and Tanjavur painting style, Tamilnadu
Warli paintings, Maharashtra
By: Nahid Sikander (Indian Contemporary Artist)
Sr. Lecturer at Icat Media and Design College, Chennai, India
Next Article will be on Contemporary Art of India.